Qualitative Data Validations
Tip: Have participants review a summary of the results for credibility. For example, after a focus group discussion, the facilitator can quickly summarize the major takeaways from the discussion, which participants can, at that time, validate.
Tip: Thoroughly describe the evaluation context and the assumptions that were central to the evaluation.
Tip: Describe any critical changes that occurred in the project/program and related areas (e.g., the hiring of a new high level staff member) and how these changes affected the way the evaluation team approached the study.
Tip: Have another evaluator take a "devil's advocate" role and actively search for and describe any negative instances during the data collection or in the data that contradict reported prior observations.1
1 Trochim, W.M.K. (2006). Qualitative validity. Research Methods Knowledge Base.
2 Guba, E. G., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2005). “Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging influences” In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research (3rd ed.), pp. 191-215. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
3 Trochim, W.M.K. (2006). Qualitative validity. Research Methods Knowledge Base.