Demographic Data as Independent Variables
Tip: When race/ethnicity, gender, or disability status is used as an independent variable, specify the reason for its use and include the reasons in documentation of the results.
Tip: When using a variable as a proxy for another variable, as in using educational level as a proxy for socio-economic status, indicate that the proxy is being used and include a rationale for why this is being done.
Tip: When interpreting demographic differences, consider such conceptually relevant and possibly confounding factors as socioeconomic status, individual and family educational backgrounds, immigrant status, and place of residence. Where possible include statistical controls.
1 Nelson-Barber, S., LaFrance, J., Trumbull, E., & Aburto, S. (2005). Culturally-responsive program evaluation. In S. Hood, R. Hopson, & H. Frierson (Eds.), The role of culture and cultural context: A mandate for inclusion, the discovery of truth and understanding in evaluative theory and practice (pp. 61-85). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
2 Luhby, T. (2012). Worsening wealth inequality by race. CNN Money.
3 American Psychological Association. (2013). Disability & Socioeconomic Status.